Tadeusz Kościuszko (1746-1817)
Battle of Racławice 4 April 1794
The November Uprising (1830–31) Polish–Russian War
Battle of Olszynka Grochowska 25 February 1831
The January Uprising 1863-1865
"Battle" the series titled "Polonia" by Artur Grottger
11 November 1918
Symbolic first day of Polish independence after 123 years
The Polish–Soviet War 1919-1921
Battle of Warsaw - August 1920
Second Commonwealth of Poland 1918-1945
Józef Piłsudski (1867-1935)
II World War 1939-1945
The Battle of Monte Casino 17 January – 19 May 1944
The Warsaw Uprising 1 August - 5 October 1944
Solidarity - August 1980
Lech Wałęsa
The Republic of Poland 1989
Tadeusz Mazowiecki (1927-2013) - first non-communist Polish prime minister since 1946
Poland join European Union - 1 May 2004

The centuries spent on Poland’s fight for freedom can be viewed from different perspectives, as well as the heroic efforts of generations past. We have asked for the views of two notable historians.

Adam Zamoyski (the Earl) – a noted historian and a member of the ancient Zamoyski family of Polish nobility. Zamoyski was born in New York City, raised in England and educated at The Downside School and Queen’s College, Oxford.


Norman Davies – a British historian with Welsh origin, and the author of several historical books on Polish history, who shares a passion for the complex history of Poland.


Each time he looks at the Polish flag, every citizen should reflect on the fact that the freedom which so many generations struggled for can be very easily lost… >read more



…Poles may reflect with wonder and with no small pride on the extraordinary events which have enabled their country to survive, and even flourish, in the face of such great adversity. >read more